Title

A prospective study of (1)(8)FDG-PET with CT coregistration for radiation treatment planning of lymphomas and other hematologic malignancies

Publication Date

2014

Journal Title

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys

Abstract

PURPOSE: This prospective single-institution study examined the impact of positron emission tomography (PET) with the use of 2-[(18)F] fluoro-2-deoxyglucose and computed tomography (CT) scan radiation treatment planning (TP) on target volume definition in lymphoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 118 patients underwent PET/CT TP during June 2007 to May 2009. Gross tumor volume (GTV) was contoured on CT-only and PET/CT studies by radiation oncologists (ROs) and nuclear medicine physicians (NMPs) for 95 patients with positive PET scans. Treatment plans and dose-volume histograms were generated for CT-only and PET/CT for 95 evaluable sites. Paired t test statistics and Pearson correlation coefficients were used for analysis. RESULTS: 70 (74%) patients had non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 10 (11%) had Hodgkin lymphoma, 12 (10%) had plasma-cell neoplasm, and 3 (3%) had other hematologic malignancies. Forty-three (45%) presented with relapsed/refractory disease. Forty-five (47%) received no prior chemotherapy. The addition of PET increased GTV as defined by ROs in 38 patients (median, 27%; range, 5%-70%) and decreased GTV in 41 (median, 39.5%; range, 5%-80%). The addition of PET increased GTV as defined by NMPs in 27 patients (median, 26.5%; range, 5%-95%) and decreased GTV in 52 (median, 70%; range, 5%-99%). The intraobserver correlation between CT-GTV and PET-GTV was higher for ROs than for NMPs (0.94, P

Volume Number

89

Issue Number

2

Pages

376-83

Document Type

Article

EPub Date

2014/04/15

Status

Faculty

Facility

School of Medicine

Primary Department

Radiation Medicine

PMID

24726287

DOI

10.1016/j.ijrobp.2014.02.006