Title

Anti-basal ganglia antibodies in primary obsessive-compulsive disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis

Publication Date

2014

Journal Title

British Journal of Psychiatry

Abstract

Background Autoimmune-mediated basal ganglia dysfunction is implicated in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorders commonly manifesting with obsessive-compulsive features (e.g. Sydenham chorea). The relationship between autoimmunity and primary obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), however, is less clear. Aims To pool data on serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) antibasal ganglia antibody (ABGA) positivity in primary OCD (without neurological or autoimmune comorbidity) relative to controls or neuropsychiatric disorders previously associated with increased odds of ABGA positivity. Method We performed electronic database and hand-searches for studies meeting pre-specified eligibility criteria from which we extracted data using a standardised form. We calculated pooled estimates of ABGA positivity using a random-effects model. Results Seven case-control studies totalling 844 participants met the eligibility criteria. Meta-analysis showed that a significantly greater proportion of those with primary OCD were ABGA seropositive compared with various controls (odds ratio (OR) = 4.97, 95% Cl 2.88-8.55, P

Volume Number

205

Issue Number

1

Pages

8-16

Document Type

Article

Status

Faculty

Facility

School of Medicine

Primary Department

Neurology

PMID

24986387

DOI

10.1192/bjp.bp.113.137018