Title

Common variants of IRF3 conferring risk of schizophrenia

Publication Date

2015

Journal Title

J Psychiatr Res

Abstract

Schizophrenia is a brain disorder with high heritability. Recent studies have implicated genes involved in the immune response pathway in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), a virus-immune-related gene, activates the transcription of several interferon-induced genes, and functionally interacts with several schizophrenia susceptibility genes. To test whether IRF3 is a schizophrenia susceptibility gene, we analyzed the associations of its SNPs with schizophrenia in independent population samples as well as reported data from expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) in healthy individuals. We observed multiple independent SNPs in IRF3 showing nominally significant associations with schizophrenia (P < 0.05); more intriguingly, a SNP (rs11880923), which is significantly correlated with IRF3 expression in independent samples (P < 0.05), is also consistently associated with schizophrenia across different cohorts and in combined samples (odds ratio = 1.075, P-meta = 2.08 X especially in Caucasians (odds ratio = 1.078, P-meta = 2.46 x 10(-5)). These results suggested that IRF3 is likely a risk gene for schizophrenia at least in Caucasians. Although the clinical associations of IRF3 with diagnosis did not achieve genome-wide level of statistical significance, the observed odds ratio is comparable with other susceptibility loci identified through large-scale genetic association studies on schizophrenia, which could be regarded simply as small but detectable effects. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Volume Number

64

Pages

67-73

Document Type

Article

EPub Date

2015/04/07

Status

Faculty

Facility

School of Medicine

Primary Department

Psychiatry

Additional Departments

Molecular Medicine

PMID

25843157

DOI

10.1016/j.jpsychires.2015.03.008