Genome-wide association studies have provided strong evidence for association of the SNP rs1344706 in the ZNF804A gene with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Neuroimaging studies have suggested that variation at rs1344706 may be associated with neural endophenotypes such as white matter volumes and densities. However, analyses of white matter microstructure using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have produced conflicting results. We examined the association between rs1344706 and white matter microstructure in 107 healthy individuals using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS). TBSS analysis showed significant association between the risk allele and lower fractional anisotropy in the corpus callosum, left forceps minor, and right parietal white matter (p < .05; FWE corrected). Post-hoc analyses indicated that this association was largely driven by alterations in radial diffusivity, consistent with an effect of genotype on myelination. In light of the strong DTI evidence for white matter microstructural abnormalities in schizophrenia, the current results implicate a potential mechanism for schizophrenia risk formation by ZNF804A rs1344706 genotype. (C) 2014 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
Faculty; Northwell Researcher
School of Medicine; Northwell Health