HLA-DRB1-Associated Rheumatoid Arthritis Risk at Multiple Levels in African Americans Hierarchical Classification Systems, Amino Acid Positions, and Residues
Objective. To evaluate HLA-DRB1 genetic risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in African Americans by 3 validated allele classification systems and by amino acid position and residue, and to compare genetic risk between African American and European ancestries. Methods. Four-digit HLA-DRB1 genotyping was performed on 561 autoantibody-positive African American cases and 776 African American controls. Associa-tion analysis was performed on Tezenas du Montcel (TdM), de Vries (DV), and Mattey classification system alleles and separately by amino acid position and individual residues. Results. TdM S2 and S3P alleles were associated with RA (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] 2.8 [2.0-3.9] and 2.1 [1.7-2.7], respectively). The DV (P 3.2 10 12) and Mattey (P 6.5 10 13) system alleles were both protective in African Americans. Amino acid position 11 (permutation P < 0.00001) accounted for nearly all variability explained by HLADRB1, although conditional analysis demonstrated that position 57 was also significant (0.01 < permutation P < 0.05). The valine and aspartic acid residues at position 11 conferred the highest risk of RA in African Americans. Conclusion. With some exceptions, the genetic risk conferred by HLA-DRB1 in African Americans is similar to that in individuals of European ancestry at multiple levels: classification system (e. g., TdM), amino acid position (e. g., 11), and residue (Val11). Unlike that reported for individuals of European ancestry, amino acid position 57 was associated with RA in African Americans, but positions 71 and 74 were not. Asp11 (odds ratio 1 in European ancestry) corresponds to the 4-digit classical allele * 09: 01, which is also a risk allele for RA in Koreans.
School of Medicine
General Internal Medicine