Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia in children: a multicenter experience
BACKGROUND: Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT) is an uncommon form of supraventricular tachycardia in children. Treatment of this arrhythmia has been considered difficult because of a high medication failure rate and risk of cardiomyopathy. Outcomes in the current era of interventional treatment with catheter ablation have not been published. OBJECTIVE: To describe the presentation and clinical course of PJRT in children. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 194 pediatric patients with PJRT managed at 11 institutions between January 2000 and December 2010. RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis was 3.2 months, including 110 infants (57%; aged <1 >year). PJRT was incessant in 47%. The ratio of RP interval to cycle length was higher with incessant than with nonincessant tachycardia. Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy was observed in 18%. Antiarrhythmic medications were used for initial management in 76%, while catheter ablation was used initially in only 10%. Medications achieved complete resolution in 23% with clinical benefit in an additional 47%. Overall, 140 patients underwent 175 catheter ablation procedures with a success rate of 90%. There were complications in 9% with no major complications reported. Patients were followed for a median of 45.1 months. Regardless of treatment modality, normal sinus rhythm was present in 90% at last follow-up. Spontaneous resolution occurred in 12% of the patients. CONCLUSION: PJRT in children is frequently incessant at the time of diagnosis and may be associated with tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. Antiarrhythmic medications result in complete control in few patients. Catheter ablation is effective, and serious complications are rare.
School of Medicine