Survey of Immunization Practices in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Among Pediatric Gastroenterologists
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr
Objectives:We aimed to determine vaccination practices of pediatric gastroenterologists, as well as barriers to following immunization guidelines in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.Methods:Institutions listed in the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition clinical research registry and/or ImproveCareNow were contacted. A total of 657 physicians from 129 institutions were asked to complete a 16-question electronic survey.Results:A total of 178 physicians (27.1%) responded, of whom 55% were male and 83.1% practiced in an academic setting. A total of 11 physicians (6.2%) do not routinely assess vaccination status, whereas 63.5% assess at the time of diagnosis, 29.8% at well visits, and 44.4% before initiating immunosuppression. At diagnosis, 51.1% verbally inquire about immunization status, 30.9% obtain records, and 9.0% obtain serology.The influenza (78%), hepatitis B (84%), and varicella (82%) vaccines were most frequently assessed. Fewer than 55.5% of physicians reviewed other vaccines. Physicians using a reminder mechanism were more likely to review immunizations at established visits (41.1% vs 20.8%), and before transfer to an adult gastroenterologist (14.4% vs 2.6%). Lack of coordination of care with primary care practitioners (41%), poor access to immunization records (36%), and inability to offer vaccinations in their immediate area (55%) are barriers to vaccination. Only 28% believed that primary care practitioners were solely responsible for immunizations.Conclusions:There is practice variation among pediatric gastroenterologists in assessment of immunizations in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, including the specific vaccines assessed, and timing and method of assessment. Inability to coordinate care, access immunization records, and offer vaccines through their medical practice are barriers to adhering to immunization guidelines.
School of Medicine