An unresolved issue in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is whether IGHV3-21 gene usage, in general, or the expression of stereotyped B-cell receptor immunoglobulin defining subset # 2 (IGHV3-21/IGLV3-21), in particular, determines outcome for IGHV3-21-utilizing cases. We reappraised this issue in 8593 CLL patients of whom 437 (5%) used the IGHV3-21 gene with 254/437 (58%) classified as subset # 2. Within subset # 2, immunoglobulin heavy variable (IGHV)-mutated cases predominated, whereas non-subset # 2/IGHV3-21 was enriched for IGHV-unmutated cases (P =.002). Subset # 2 exhibited significantly shorter time-to-first-treatment (TTFT) compared with non-subset # 2/IGHV3-21 (22 vs 60 months, P =.001). No such difference was observed between non-subset # 2/IGHV3-21 vs the remaining CLL with similar IGHV mutational status. In conclusion, IGHV3-21 CLL should not be axiomatically considered a homogeneous entity with adverse prognosis, given that only subset # 2 emerges as uniformly aggressive, contrasting non-subset # 2/IGVH3-21 patients whose prognosis depends on IGHV mutational status as the remaining CLL.
Faculty; Northwell Researcher
School of Medicine; Northwell Health
General Internal Medicine