Incidence and clinical outcome of minor surgery in the year after drug-eluting stent implantation: Results from the Evaluation of Drug-Eluting Stents and Ischemic Events Registry

E S. Brilakis
D J. Cohen
N S. Kleiman
M Pencina
D Nassif
J Saucedo
R N. Piana
S Banerjee
M J. Keyes
C H. Yen
P B. Berger, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to describe the incidence and consequences of minor surgery after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods: The Evaluation of Drug-Eluting Stents and Ischemic Events (EVENT) Registry prospectively enrolled unselected patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention at 47 US centers between July 2004 and December 2007. We examined 8,323 patients who received a DES in EVENT to determine the frequencies of minor surgery and postoperative adverse events. Results: Minor surgery (defined as procedures not requiring a major surgical incision) was performed in 164 (2.0%) of 8,323 patients <1 year after>stenting, as follows: pacemaker/defibrillator implantation (46%), eye surgery (17%), orthopedic (9%), dermatologic (8%), endovascular (6%), and gastrointestinal procedures (5%). Compared with patients who did not undergo minor surgery, those who did were older, had more comorbidities, had more extensive coronary disease, and were more likely to have received warfarin after stenting. Only 1 (0.6%, 95% CI 0.0%-3.4%) of 164 patients had an event (stent thrombosis causing myocardial infarction) during the first week after minor surgery; this rate was slightly higher than the background rate of ischemic events in the study population (exact mid P = .01). Clopidogrel use at 12 months was similar between patients who did and those who did not undergo minor surgery (65.2% vs 65.5%, P = .95). Conclusions: In the EVENT Registry, minor surgery was performed in 2% of patients in the first year after DES implantation. The risk of stent thrombosis during the first week after surgery was increased slightly compared with background rates, but the absolute event rate was low (0.6%). © 2011 Mosby, Inc.