Downstream overdrive pacing and intracardiac concealed fusion to guide rapid identification of atrial tachycardia after atrial fibrillation ablation
© Author 2017. All rights reserved. Aims Atrial tachycardia (AT) related to atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation frequently poses a diagnostic challenge. Downstream overdrive pacing (DOP) can be used to rapidly detect reentry and assess proximity of a pacing site to an AT circuit or focus. We hypothesized that systematic DOP using multielectrode catheters would facilitate AT mapping. Methods and results DOP identified constant fusion when the post-pacing interval (PPI) - tachycardia cycle length (TCL) 75% of TCL. Mapping was performed as follows: (i) CS DOP, (ii) DOP at left atrial (LA) roof, (iii) DOP at selected LA sites based on prior DOP attempts, and (iv) mapping and ablation at regions of fractionated electrograms in region of AT. Activation mapping was performed at operator discretion. AT diagnosis was confirmed by successful ablation or additional mapping when ablation was unsuccessful. Fifty consecutive patients with sustained AT underwent mapping of 68 ATs, of whom 42 (62%) were macroreentrant, 19 were locally reentrant (28%), and 7 (10%) were focal. AT was correctly identified with a median of three DOP attempts. All macroreentrant ATs were identified with ≤6 DOP attempts. One AT (1.6%) was terminated by DOP, and three ATs (4.8%) required activation mapping. Intracardiac concealed fusion was seen in 26 ATs (38%), each of which was successfully ablated. Conclusion Reentry could be demonstrated in a substantial majority of AF ablation-related AT. A stepwise diagnostic approach using DOP and recognition of intracardiac concealed fusion can be used to rapidly identify and ablate reentrant AT.
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School of Medicine