Incidence, Predictors, and In-Hospital Outcomes of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation After Nonelective Admission in Comparison With Elective Admission: From the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database
© 2018 Candidates for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are generally older with multiple co-morbidities and are therefore susceptible to nonelective admissions before scheduled TAVI. Frequency, predictors, and outcomes of TAVI after nonelective admission are under-explored. We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, an administrative database, from January 2012 to September 2015 to identify hospitalization in those age ≥50 who had transarterial TAVI. A propensity-matched cohort was created to compare the outcomes between nonelective and elective admission who had TAVI. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. A total of 9,521 TAVI admissions were identified during the study period. Of these admissions, 22.3% were nonelective admissions. Pulmonary circulation disorders (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.38), anemia (aOR 1.54), congestive heart failure (aOR 1.37), chronic kidney disease (aOR 1.28; all p <0.001), and atrial fibrillation (aOR 1.17, p = 0.006) were independent risk factors for nonelective admission. In a propensity-matched cohort (1,683 admissions in each cohort), in-hospital mortality was similar (4.0% vs 2.8%, p = 0.052). Nonelective admissions had higher rates of acute myocardial infarction (5.2% vs 0.7%), fatal arrhythmia (9.4% vs 6.0%), acute kidney injury (25.9% vs 17.1%), respiratory failure requiring intubation (0.26% vs 0.19%), cardiogenic shock (5.1% vs 2.1%; all p <0.001), and bleeding requiring transfusion (13.1% vs 10.1%, p = 0.006) during the index-hospitalization. Hospital length of stay (11.4 days vs 6.5 days, p <0.001) and hospital cost ($68,669 vs $57,442, p <0.001) were both increased in nonelective admissions. Nonelective admission accounted for approximately one-fifth of total TAVI with significantly different cohort profiles. Our results suggest that nonelective TAVI has higher adverse outcomes and increased health resource utilization. Expedition in TAVI process in high-risk cohorts may result in better outcomes.