Emerging areas for therapeutic discovery in SLE
Curr Opin Immunol
© 2018 Recent advances in the field of autoimmunity have identified numerous dysfunctional pathways in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), including aberrant clearance of nucleic-acid-containing debris and immune complexes, excessive innate immune activation leading to overactive type I IFN signalling, and abnormal B and T cell activation. On the background of genetic polymorphisms that reset thresholds for immune responses, multiple immune cells contribute to inflammatory amplification circuits. Neutrophils activated by immune complexes are a rich source of immunogenic nucleic acids. Identification of new B subsets suggests several mechanisms for induction of autoantibody producing effector cells. Disordered T cell regulation involves both CD4 and CD8 cells. An imbalance in immunometabolism in immune cells amplifies autoimmunity and inflammation. These new advances in understanding of disease pathogenesis provide fertile ground for therapeutic development.
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School of Medicine
General Internal Medicine