Day-case surgery is possible in the majority of men undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate – a report on over 1000 cases

L. Lavan
G. Kyriazis
D. Mbiabjeu
R. Gormley
S. Hall, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
R. Robinson
D. Hodgson

Abstract

© British Association of Urological Surgeons 2018. Objective: We describe our experience of performing bipolar transurethral resection in saline (Olympus Medical) as a day-case procedure over an initial five-year period. Patients and methods: All procedures coded as transurethral resection of the prostate over a 60-month period were analysed to determine whether the procedure was planned as a day-case or as an inpatient admission, and whether post-operative discharge proceeded as intended. Re-admission rates, reasons for re-admission and transfusion rates were also recorded. Results: Of the 1035 operations, 689 (66.57%) were planned as a day-case procedure (mean age 70.5 years) with 176 (25.5%) requiring inpatient admission, and 346 (33.43%) were planned for inpatient admission (mean age 73.6) but 58 (16.8%) were discharged the same day. Overall 571 (55.17%) procedures were performed as day cases. Readmission rates for day-case and inpatient procedures were 7.4%, and 6.3% respectively (p=0.48). Transfusion rates were lower in the day-case group (0.7% vs 3.7%, p<0.05). Day-case rates improved from 48.70% in 2011 to 75.22% in 2016. Conversion from day case to inpatient fell from 34.6% in 2011 to 14.8% in 2016. Conclusions: Our experience indicates that day-case transurethral resection of the prostate can be performed safely in appropriately selected patients, without increased rates of re-admission or complications. Level of evidence: 4 (Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM)).