Improvement in Parameters of Hematologic and Immunologic Function and Patient Well-being in the Phase III RESONATE Study of Ibrutinib Versus Ofatumumab in Patients With Previously Treated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
© 2018 The Authors In the phase III study RESONATE, ibrutinib reduced the risk of progression and improved overall survival versus ofatumumab in previously treated patients with CLL/SLL. In this novel analysis of patient well-being including patient-reported outcomes, ibrutinib reduced disease burden while preserving parameters of hematologic and immunologic function in RESONATE. These results suggest that ibrutinib can improve quality of life while prolonging survival. Background: Ibrutinib compared with ofatumumab significantly improves progression-free and overall survival in patients with previously treated chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL). Patients and Methods: Measures of well-being were assessed in RESONATE, where previously treated patients with CLL/SLL were randomized to receive ibrutinib 420 mg/day (n = 195) or ofatumumab (n = 196) for up to 24 weeks. Endpoints included hematologic function, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy–Fatigue (FACIT-F), disease-related symptoms, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaires Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30), and medical resource utilization. Results: With up to 24 months’ follow-up (median, 16.4 months), 79% of cytopenic patients showed sustained hematologic improvement (82% with improved platelet count, 69% with improved hemoglobin) on ibrutinib versus 43% on ofatumumab (P <.0001). Higher rates of clinically meaningful improvement were demonstrated with ibrutinib versus ofatumumab for FACIT-F and EORTC global health. Greater improvement was observed in disease-related weight loss, fatigue, night sweats, and abdominal discomfort with ibrutinib versus ofatumumab. Hospitalizations in the first 30 days occurred less frequently with ibrutinib than ofatumumab (0.087 vs. 0.184 events/patient; P =.0198). New-onset diarrhea was infrequent with ibrutinib after the first 6 months (47% at ≤6 months vs. 5% at 12-18 months). With ibrutinib, grade ≥ 3 hypertension occurred in 6%, grade ≥ 3 atrial fibrillation in 4%, major hemorrhage in 2%, and tumor lysis syndrome in 1% of patients. Conclusion: Ibrutinib led to significant improvements in hematologic function and disease symptomatology versus ofatumumab, and can restore quality of life while prolonging survival in relapsed/refractory CLL/SLL.