Safety and Feasibility of Transradial Access for Noncoronary and Peripheral Vascular Interventions

S. Zia, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
K. Singh, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
A. Juneja
J. Schor, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
J. Deitch, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier Inc. Background: Transradial access (TRad) is becoming the preferred access for cardiac catheterization. The use and safety of TRad in noncoronary and peripheral vascular interventions remains ill-defined and serves as the basis for this study. Methods: Patients undergoing noncoronary and peripheral endovascular procedures via TRad from August 2010 to February 2013 at our institution were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic data, indications, interventions performed, sheath size, procedural outcomes, and access-site complications were evaluated. Postprocedural radial artery patency and hand ischemic symptoms were evaluated clinically and by duplex ultrasound. Results: Nineteen patients underwent 24 procedures via TRad for both diagnostic (11/24) and therapeutic (13/24) purposes. Twelve (63%) were women, and 75% (18/24) were from left radial artery. Indications included absent femoral pulses in 12 (50%), morbid obesity in 6 (25%), previous bypass originating or terminating in the groin in 4 (17%), and groin wound infection in 2 (8%) cases. A 5F sheath was used in 13 (54%) cases, 6F in 10 (42%) cases, and 7F in 1 (4%) case. Thirteen therapeutic interventions included 7 (29%) iliac angioplasties and/or stent, 3 (13%) femoral anastomosis angioplasties, 2 (8%) superficial femoral artery angioplasties, and 1 (4%) mesenteric angioplasty. No access-site hematoma or procedure-related deaths were reported. Postprocedural radial artery occlusion was observed in 6 (31%) patients. All occlusions were asymptomatic, except for 1 (4%) patient with self-limiting forearm pain lasting for 1 day. Sheath size strongly correlated with radial artery occlusion. Conclusions: TRad appears to be a safe and feasible alternative option for patients undergoing noncoronary and peripheral interventions. Radial artery occlusion, mostly asymptomatic, can occur and is directly related to the sheath size. Smaller sheath sizes, longer platform devices, better radial access kits, and better closure devices could potentially eliminate some of the challenges associated with TRad.