Cirp Induces Neutrophil Reverse Transendothelial Migration in Sepsis.
Extracellular cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP) exaggerates inflammation in sepsis. Neutrophil reverse transendothelial migration (rTEM) allows neutrophils to migrate from tissues into the circulation. The phenotype of neutrophils following reverse migration is CD54CXCR1. We hypothesize that CIRP induces neutrophil rTEM in sepsis. Sepsis was induced in male C57BL/6 mice by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), and at 5, 10, or 20 h after CLP, the frequencies of reversely migrated (RM) neutrophils were assessed in the blood by flow cytometry. Since 20 h of CLP showed highest increase in the frequency of RM neutrophils, we further assessed RM neutrophils in the blood of WT and CIRP mice at this time point. The effect of CIRP on neutrophil rTEM was determined by injecting mice with recombinant mouse CIRP (rmCIRP) intratracheally (i.t.) and assessed the frequencies of RM neutrophils. The expression of neutrophil elastase (NE) and junctional adhesion molecule-C (JAM-C) in the lungs were measured by Western blot. The mean frequency of RM neutrophils in sham mice was 0.4%, while the frequencies were significantly increased to 1%, 3%, and 7% at 5, 10, and 20 h of CLP, respectively. The mean frequency of RM neutrophils in the blood of CIRP mice was significantly lower than that of WT mice at 20 h of CLP. The RM neutrophils in the blood was significantly increased after administration of rmCIRP i.t. into mice in a time- and dose-dependent manners. NE expression was upregulated while JAM-C expression was downregulated in the lungs after CLP or rmCIRP administration. For the first time, we have showed that CIRP induces neutrophil rTEM in sepsis by increasing NE and decreasing JAM-C.