Lancet Child Adolesc Health
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in one in four children admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and AKI severity is independently associated with increased patient morbidity and mortality. Early prediction of AKI has the potential to improve outcomes. In smaller, single center populations, we have previously derived and validated the performance of the renal angina index (RAI), a context driven risk stratification system, to predict severe AKI.
Methods: A prospective, observational study (AWARE
Findings: The 1590 patients studied were 55% male and had median age of 54.5 months. 286 patients (17.9%) were RA+. AKI
Interpretation: Earlier, better prediction of severe AKI has the potential to improve AKI associated patient outcomes. Compared to isolated, context-free changes in SCr, renal angina risk assessment improved accuracy for prediction of severe AKI in critically ill children and young adults.
School of Medicine