Mechanisms, pathophysiology, and diagnostic imaging of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction following mitral valve surgery and transcatheter mitral valve replacement

J. J. Silbiger
S. Lee
P. Christia
G. Perk, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Abstract

© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction is a serious complication of mitral valve surgery (repair and replacement) and transcatheter mitral valve replacement. An appreciation of the various mechanisms which cause outflow obstruction in these settings is critical to avoiding this complication and to initiating appropriate treatment. This article discusses the mechanisms, pathophysiology, and imaging of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction which can arise following insertion of a variety of mitral valve prosthetics.