Using qualitative methods to inform the design of a decision aid for people with advanced cystic fibrosis: The InformedChoices CF patient decision aid
Patient Educ Couns
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Objective: To assess information needs of adults with Cystic Fibrosis and their families toward designing a patient decision aid about invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) and lung transplant. Methods: Focus groups and in-depth interviews explored participants’ knowledge, prior clinical conversations, and decisions about IMV and lung transplant. Interviews and focus groups were recorded and transcribed for analysis. Results: N = 24 participants were recruited. Themes identified were: prior communication with clinicians, decision-making process, and living with CF. Participants having prior conversations with CF clinicians regarding: lung transplant (N = 17/74%), and IMV (N = 3/13%). Most 15(65%) felt it was important to hear patients’ real-life experience, others (3/13%) relied on their CF doctors for information. Most people (16/70%) believed hearing prognosis was helpful, but 5(22%) found this information frightening. High degrees of social isolation and a desire for more interaction with other CF adults were found. Conclusions: Qualitative methods helped identify areas important for decision making about IMV and LT for CF adults. Future directions include usability and feasibility testing of the decision aid. Practice implications: Because IMV is rarely discussed with CF adults, clinicians might approach this topic, as with transplant, as lung function begins to decline. CF-care teams should also foster CF patient-level information exchange.
1985 - 1990
Faculty; Northwell Researcher
School of Medicine; Northwell Health
Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
General Internal Medicine