A retrospective analysis of tumor lysis syndrome management in a quaternary care hospital.
J Oncol Pharm Pract
PURPOSE:Due to an increased use of rasburicase, the study's purpose was to evaluate both the management of tumor lysis syndrome and the utilization of rasburicase in the hospital system. Additionally, the efficacy of flat dose rasburicase in lowering uric acid levels was evaluated. Based on the study's findings, the investigators will evaluate the usefulness of implementing a tumor lysis syndrome order set. METHODS:This study evaluated patients from January 2013 through December 2016 for the rasburicase dose and the tumor lysis syndrome therapy administered. RESULTS:Overall, 251 patients were included: prophylactic rasburicase group (n = 125) vs. treatment rasburicase group (n = 126) and of rasburicase 3 mg (R3) group (n = 168) vs. 6 mg (R6) group (n = 83). The prophylactic rasburicase vs. treatment rasburicase group had a significantly lower rate of receiving a xanthine oxidase inhibitor (48.0% vs. 64.3%, p = 0.009), a phosphate binder (6.4% vs. 17.5%, p = 0.007) and an additional dose of rasburicase (20.8% vs. 41.3%, p = 0.001). Intravenous hydration was neither significantly different between the rasburicase groups (p = 0.399) nor between the two rasburicase dosing groups (p = 0.874). Between the rasburicase dosing groups, there was no significant difference in the rate of receiving a xanthine oxidase inhibitor (p = 0.521) or a phosphate binder (p = 0.390). R6 patients had a significantly greater reduction in uric acid change compared to R3 patients (median = -7.9 (-10.1, -5.5) vs. -4.3 (-6.0, -2.7), p < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in uric acid change between the prophylactic rasburicase and treatment rasburicase groups (p = 0.875). CONCLUSION:The study's findings justified the need to implement a tumor lysis syndrome order set. In the study population, utilizing a flat dosing method was effective for hyperuricemia.
Faculty; Northwell Researcher
School of Medicine; Northwell Health