Identifying the barriers and perceptions of non-Hispanic black and Hispanic/Latino persons with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes for participation in a home Telemonitoring feasibility study: a quantitative analysis of those who declined participation, withdrew or were non-adherent
© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Objectives: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and its complications disproportionately affect non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanic/Latinos more than non-Hispanic whites. These disparities stem from complex interactions between biological, behavioral and socioeconomic factors. In recent years, telemedicine has been used to manage Type 2 Diabetes; however limited recruitment and retention of black and Hispanic/Latino patients into clinical trials exploring the use of telemedicine have necessitated the elucidation of their perceptions regarding participation in such trials. This study investigated patient-reported reasons for declining participation, prematurely terminating participation or demonstrating poor adherence to the study protocol in an ongoing randomized clinical trial, ‘Feasibility of Telehealth Management of Diabetes Mellitus type 2 (T2DM) in Black and Hispanic Minority Patients’. Design: Semi-structured interviews comprised of open-ended questions and prompts were conducted by telephone to gauge patients’ actual and perceived challenges to participating in the trial and using telemedicine to manage their diabetes. Data were collated with that of the original clinical trial and subsequently content analyzed for overarching themes and trends. Results: Eight semi-structured interviews were completed telephonically. Themes that emerged from analysis included disinterest (47%), inconvenience (33%), lack of perceived benefit (13%), lack of awareness of diabetes diagnosis (7%) and perceived lack of ability to fully participate in the study (7%). Conclusion: Adoption of telemedicine to help minority patients manage diabetes holds promise but is limited by patient factors such as disinterest, inconvenience and lack of perceived benefit. Greater awareness and understanding of these issues will be critical as we strive for greater health equity in disparity patients with uncontrolled diabetes.
Faculty; Northwell Researcher; Northwell Resident
School of Medicine; Northwell Health
General Internal Medicine
Occupational Medicine, Epidemiology and Prevention