Combined Internal Maxillary Artery to Middle Cerebral Artery and In Situ Middle Cerebral to Middle Cerebral Artery Bypass for Complex Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysm: 3-Dimensional Operative Video.
Flow-replacement revascularization and/or flow augmentation surgery may be necessary for safe deconstruction of complex middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms. Roughly 1% to 2% of all MCA aneurysms have angiographic features prohibiting standard microsurgical or endovascular management. Consent was obtained from the patient for the production of this video. No International Review Board approval was required for the creation of this video. A 17-yr-old female presented at the age of 15 with headaches. At the time of initial presentation, the patient was found to have an MCA bifurcation aneurysm. Initially, the aneurysm was managed conservatively and followed. However, on follow-up imaging, the aneurysm was found to have grown and developed into a large, complex MCA bifurcation aneurysm. Patient underwent planned trapping and deconstruction of the aneurysm. An internal maxillary artery (IMAX) to MCA bypass was performed using a cephalic vein graph to a robust inferior MCA branch combined with an in Situ MCA to MCA bypass. Follow-up angiography showed complete occlusion of the aneurysm. Patient was neurologically intact at 1-yr follow-up. Microsurgery continues to be the best treatment option for complex MCA aneurysms. A surgeon trained in bypass is an absolute prerequisite for management of those lesions. The IMAX offers an ideal high flow donor vessel for subcranial to intracranial flow replacement, which was required for re-establishment of flow to the robust inferior MCA branch in this case. The superior branch of the MCA was less robust. Therefore, by recreating a more distal bifurcation, the in Situ side-to-side MCA-MCA bypass simplified the revascularization strategy.
Faculty; Northwell Resident
School of Medicine; Northwell Health