A Model-based method for assessment of salivary gland and planning target volume dosimetry in volumetric-modulated arc therapy planning on head-and-neck cancer
© 2019 Journal of Medical Physics | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow. This study examined the relationship of achievable mean dose and percent volumetric overlap of salivary gland with the planning target volume (PTV) in volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plan in radiotherapy for a patient with head-and-neck cancer. The aim was to develop a model to predict the viability of planning objectives for both PTV coverage and organs-at-risk (OAR) sparing based on overlap volumes between PTVs and OARs, before the planning process. Forty patients with head-and-neck cancer were selected for this retrospective plan analysis. The patients were treated using 6 MV photons with 2-arc VMAT plan in prescriptions with simultaneous integrated boost in dose of 70 Gy, 63 Gy, and 58.1 Gy to primary tumor sites, high-risk nodal regions, and low-risk nodal regions, respectively, over 35 fractions. A VMAT plan was generated using Varian Eclipse (V13.6), in optimization with biological-based generalized equivalent uniform dose (gEUD) objective for OARs and targets. Target dose coverage (D95, Dmax, conformity index) and salivary gland dose (Dmean and Dmax) were evaluated in those plans. With a range of volume overlaps between salivary glands and PTVs and dose constraints applied, results showed that dose D95 for each PTV was adequate to satisfy D95>95% of the prescription. Mean dose to parotid <26 Gy could be achieved with><20% volumetric overlap with PTV58(parotid-PTV58). On an average, the Dmean was seen at 15.6 Gy, 21.1 Gy, and 24.2 Gy for the parotid-PTV58 volume at <5%, <10%, and <20%, respectively. For submandibular glands (SMGs), an average Dmean of 27.6 Gy was achieved in patients having <10% overlap with PTV58, and 36.1 Gy when <20% overlap. Mean doses on parotid and SMG were linearly correlated with overlap volume (regression R2 = 0.95 and 0.98, respectively), which were statistically significant (P < 0.0001). This linear relationship suggests that the assessment of the structural overlap might provide prospective for achievable planning objectives in the head-and-neck plan.