Simulation Training for Critical Care Airway Management: Assessing Translation to Clinical Practice Using a Small Video-Recording Device.
BACKGROUND:Critical care airway management (CCAM) is a key skill for critical care physicians. Simulation-based training (SBT) may be an effective modality in training intensivists in CCAM. RESEARCH QUESTION:Is SBT of critical care fellows an effective means of providing training in CCAM, in particular in urgent endotracheal intubation? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:Thirteen first-year pulmonary critical care medicine (PCCM) fellows at an academic training program underwent SBT with a computerized patient simulator (CPS) in their first month of fellowship training. At the end of the training period, the fellows underwent video-based scoring using a 46-item checklist (of which 40 points could be scored) while performing a complete CCAM sequence on the CPS. They were then tested, using video-based scoring on their first real-life CCAM. Maintenance of skill at CCAM was assessed during the fellows' second and third year of training, using the same scoring method. RESULTS:For the first-year fellows, the score on the CPS was 38.3 ± 0.75 SD out of a maximum score of 40. The score on their first real-life patient CCAM was 39.0 ± 0.81 SD (P = .003 for equivalence; 95% CI for difference between real-life patient CCAM and CPS scores, 0.011-1.373). Sixteen second- and third-year fellows were tested at a real-life CCAM event later in their fellowship to examine for maintenance of skill. The mean maintenance of skill score of this group was 38.7 ± 1.14 SD. INTERPRETATION:Skill acquired through SBT of critical care fellows for CCAM transfers effectively to the real-life patient care arena. Second- and third-year fellows who had initially received SBT maintained skill at CCAM.
School of Medicine
Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine