© 2020 The Author(s) Brain abscesses are an uncommon but potentially fatal infection. They can spread directly from an adjacent source or hematogenously from a distant source. Encephaloceles represent a rare form of neural tube defects that can potentially be complicated by the development of meningitis or brain abscess. We report a case of a 63-year-old female who presented with bilateral lower extremity weakness and was ultimately found to have a Streptococcus pneumoniae subdural empyema and an associated frontal lobe encephalocele extending through the left frontal sinus. She was treated with surgical drainage, intravenous antimicrobials, and ultimately surgical repair of the encephalocele. This report highlights a unique presentation of brain abscess. Clinicians should be aware of this potential infectious complication of a neural tube defect.
Faculty; Northwell Resident
School of Medicine; Northwell Health
Infectious Diseases; Radiology