Benefits of ct scanning for the manage-ment of hip arthritis and arthroplasty
Surg Technol Int
© 2020 Surgical Technology International™. Introduction: Imaging studies for preoperative planning of total hip arthroplasty (THA) are typically obtained by two-dimensional (2D) anteroposterior radiographs. However, CT imaging has proven to be a valuable tool that may be more accurate than standard radiographs. The purpose of this review was to report on the current literature to assess the utility of CT imaging for preoperative planning of THA. Specifically, we assessed its utility in the evaluation of: 1) hip arthritis; 2) femoral head osteonecrosis; 3) implant size predic-tion; 4) component alignment; 5) limb length evaluation; and 6) radiation exposure. Materials and Methods: A literature search was performed using search terms “computed tomography”, “radiograph”, “joint” “alignment”, “hip,” and “arthroplasty”. Our initial search returned a total of 562 results. After applying our criteria, 26 studies were included. Results: CT scans were found to be more accurate than radiographs in predicting implant size and alignment preoperatively and provide improved visualization of extraarticular deformities that may be essential to consider when planning a THA. Although radiation is a potential concern, newer imaging protocols have minimized the radiation to levels comparable to x-ray. Conclusion: The current literature suggests that CT has several advantages over radiographs for preoperative planning of THA including more accurate planning of implant size, component alignment, and postoperative leg length. It is also superior to x-ray in identifying extraarticular hip deformities using the minimum effective dose for CT and the minimum scan length required by templating software. The radiation can be reduced to values similar to radiography.
Faculty; Northwell Researcher; Northwell Resident
School of Medicine; Northwell Health
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