Involvement of GPX4 in irisin's protection against ischemia reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury

J. Zhang
J. Bi
Y. Ren
Z. Du
T. Li
T. Wang
L. Zhang
M. Wang
S. Wei
Y. Lv
R. Wu, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Abstract

© 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC Ischemia reperfusion (I/R)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious condition. Irisin, an exercise-induced hormone, improves mitochondrial function and reduces reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) is a key regulator of ferroptosis and its inactivation aggravates renal I/R injury by inducing ROS production. However, the effect of irisin on GPX4 and I/R-induced AKI is still unknown. To study this, male adult mice were subjected to renal I/R by occluding bilateral renal hilum for 30 min, which was followed by 24 hr reperfusion. Our results showed serum irisin levels were decreased in renal I/R mice. Irisin (250 μg/kg) treatment alleviated renal injury, downregulated inflammatory response, improved mitochondrial function, and reduced ER stress and oxidative stress after renal I/R, which were associated with upregulation of GPX4. Treated with RSL3 (a GPX4 inhibitor) abolished irisin's protective effect. Thus, irisin attenuates I/R-induced AKI through upregulating GPX4.