Robotic partial nephrectomy in patients with chronic kidney disease: Objective measurement of short- A nd long-term renal functional outcomes
© 2018 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Background: Minimal literature informs the use of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Therefore, we evaluated the renal functional outcomes in CKD patients undergoing RPN. Methods: We reviewed a prospective database of patients undergoing RPN 2010 to 2015 and identified 182 patients who had preoperative and postoperative nuclear renal scintigraphy (at 2 and 12 months postop). Preoperative and 12-month postoperative eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2, by MDRD) were calculated. CKD was defined as eGFR ≤60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (CKD stages III and IV). Changes in creatinine, eGFR, and split function on mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG)-3 scan were compared by baseline CKD status. Correlations between pre- A nd postoperative eGFR were calculated. Results: Of 182 patients, 30 (16.5%) had baseline CKD. Preoperative eGFR was 48.5 and 99.0 in CKD and non-CKD patients, respectively (p < 0.001). From preoperation to 12 months postoperation, eGFR decreased by 2.8 and 1.1 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively (p = 0.6). On MAG-3 scan, the contribution of the surgical kidney to overall renal function decreased by 5.0% and 4.8% (p = 0.9) in the CKD and non-CKD cohorts, respectively. When comparing renal scans at 2 and 12 months postoperation, in both groups the surgical kidney significantly recovered (both p < 0.001) and the patterns of kidney function recovery was similar in both groups (CKD +2.0%, non-CKD +1.4%, p = 0.6). On long-term follow-up (>2 years), eGFR did not change significantly in either the CKD or non-CKD group (-2.8 vs-1.1 mL/min/1.73 m2, p = 0.6). On pathology, tumors were more frequently malignant in CKD vs non-CKD patients (93.3% vs 73.2%, p = 0.02) and of higher Fuhrman Grade (grade ≥3: 49.7% vs 28.1%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: RPN is a reasonable treatment option in patients with CKD, as it did not lead to a greater decline in renal function contributed by the surgical kidney. The patterns of kidney function recovery after surgery are similar between patients with and without CKD.
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School of Medicine