A dual-team approach benefits standard-volume surgeons, but has minimal impact on outcomes for a high-volume surgeon in AIS patients
© 2020, Scoliosis Research Society. Study design: Retrospective chart review of prospectively collected data. Objective: This study seeks to evaluate the effect of number of surgeons, surgeon experience, and surgeon volume on AIS surgery. Summary of background data: Recent literature suggests that utilizing two surgeons for spine deformity correction surgery can improve perioperative outcomes. However, the surgeon’s experience and surgical volume are likely as important. Methods: AIS patients undergoing PSF from 2009 to 2019 were included. Patient demographics, X-ray and perioperative outcomes were collected and collated based on primary surgeon. Analysis was performed for single versus dual surgeons, surgeon experience (≤ 10 years in practice), and surgical volume (less/greater than 50 cases/year). Median (IQR) values, Wilcoxon Rank Sums test, Kruskal–Wallis test, and Fisher’s exact test were utilized. Results: 519 AIS cases, performed by 4 surgeons were included. Two surgeons were highly experienced, 1 of whom was also high volume. Five cohorts were studied: a single senior high volume (S1) (n = 302), dual-junior surgeons (DJ) (n = 73), dual senior–junior (SJ) (n = 36), dual-senior (DS) (n = 21) and a single senior, standard-volume surgeon alone (S2) (n = 87). Radiographic parameters were similar between the groups (p > 0.05). Preoperative Cobb was significantly higher for DS compared to S1 (p = 0.034) Pre- and post-op kyphosis were similar (p > 0.05). Cobb correction was similar (p > 0.05). Levels fused, fixation points, anesthesia and surgical times were similar (p > 0.05). When the standard-volume surgeon operated with a second surgeon, radiographic parameters were similar (p > 0.05), but anesthesia time, surgical time, and hospital length of stay were significantly shorter (p < 0.05). Additionally, DJ had significantly shorter anesthesia and operative times (p < 0.001) and length of stay (p < 0.001) compared to S2. Conclusion: Standard-volume surgeons have better outcomes with a dual surgeon approach. Junior surgeons benefit operating with an experienced surgeon. A high-volume surgeon, however, does not benefit from a dual surgeon approach. Level of evidence: Level II.
447 - 453
Faculty; Northwell Researcher
School of Medicine; Northwell Health
This document is currently not available here.
Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine and Northwell Health currently do not subscribe to this title. If you are an affiliate and would like to access the full text please request it via interlibrary loan via Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine ILL (faculty and students only) or Northwell Health ILL