Title

Metabolic syndrome and metabolic abnormalities in patients with major depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of prevalences and moderating variables

Publication Date

2014

Journal Title

Psychol Med

Abstract

Background. Individuals with depression have an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an important risk factor for CVD. We aimed to clarify the prevalence and correlates of MetS in persons with robustly defined major depressive disorder (MDD). Method. We searched Medline, PsycINFO, EMBASE and CINAHL up until June 2013 for studies reporting MetS prevalences in individuals with MDD. Medical subject headings 'metabolic' OR 'diabetes' or 'cardiovascular' or 'blood pressure' or 'glucose' or 'lipid' AND 'depression' OR 'depressive' were used in the title, abstract or index term fields. Manual searches were conducted using reference lists from identified articles. Results. The initial electronic database search resulted in 91 valid hits. From candidate publications following exclusions, our search generated 18 studies with interview-defined depression (n= 5531, 38.9% male, mean age= 45.5 years). The overall proportion with MetS was 30.5% [95% confidence interval (CI) 26.3-35.1] using any standardized MetS criteria. Compared with age-and gender-matched control groups, individuals with MDD had a higher MetS prevalence [odds ratio (OR) 1.54, 95% CI 1.21-1.97, p= 0.001]. They also had a higher risk for hyperglycemia (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.03-1.73, p= 0.03) and hypertriglyceridemia (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.04-1.30, p= 0.008). Antipsychotic use (p

Volume Number

44

Issue Number

10

Pages

2017-2028

Document Type

Article

Status

Faculty

Facility

School of Medicine

Primary Department

Psychiatry

Additional Departments

Molecular Medicine

PMID

24262678

DOI

10.1017/s0033291713002778