The Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine Academic Works is a digital repository for gathering and showcasing the scholarly output of the Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell and Northwell Health, including the full text of these materials whenever possible. The Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine Academic Works is a service provided by the Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell Library. To learn more, see About the IR.