Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding conception and fertility: a population-based survey among reproductive-age United States women
Objective: To assess overall knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to conception and fertility among reproductive-age women in the United States. Design: Online survey of a cross-sectional sample of 1,000 women. Setting: United States, March 2013. Patient(s): Women aged 18-40 years. Intervention(s): None. Main Outcome Measure(s): Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding selected topics in reproductive health. Result(s): Forty percent of women across all age groups expressed concerns about their ability to conceive. Yet one-third of women were unaware of adverse implications of sexually transmitted infections, obesity, or irregular menses for procreative success, and one-fifth were unaware of the effects of aging. Approximately 40% were unfamiliar with the ovulatory cycle. Overall, younger women (18-24 years) demonstrated less knowledge regarding conception, fertility, and ovulation, whereas older women tended to believe in common myths and misconceptions. Respondents in all age groups identified women's health care providers (75%) and Web sites (40%) as top sources of reproductive health-related information; however, engagement with providers on specific factors affecting fertility is sparse. Conclusion(s): Knowledge regarding ovulation, fertility, and conception is limited among this sample of reproductive-age US women. Future initiatives should prioritize improved provider engagement and accurate information dissemination in Web-based venues. (C) 2014 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.
Obstetrics and Gynecology