Correlation of Type 1 Neovascularization Associated With Acquired Vitelliform Lesion in the Setting of Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Am J Ophthalmol
PURPOSE: To correlate postmortem histology with previously recorded multimodal imaging from a patient with type 1 neovascularization (NV) associated with an acquired vitelliform lesion in the setting of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN: Case study. METHODS: Multimodal imaging that was obtained antemortem was matched with ex vivo and high-resolution histologic images of the preserved donor macula. Anatomic correlates for multimodal imaging findings were then defined. RESULTS: Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) revealed a split in the retinal pigment epithelium-Bruch membrane band. Type 1 NV in this case was composed of 6 layered components: (1) retinal pigment epithelium, (2) basal laminar deposits, (3) fibrovascular membrane, (4) fibrocellular scar, (5) hemorrhage, and (6) Bruch membrane. The anatomic correlates for the hyporeflective band on spectral-domain OCT included a thick basal laminar deposit. Not all structures could be readily separated on the basis of their reflectivity patterns. CONCLUSIONS: This is an important clinicopathologic correlation of NV secondary to AMD in the spectral-domain OCT era. Our findings of 6 layers include and extend the anatomic framework encapsulated by the double-layer and triple-layer signs. The resolution of current devices does not always permit distinction of the different layers of NV tissue. Thick basal laminar deposits may appear hyporeflective on spectral-domain OCT and may be confused with fluid from a neovascular process. It will be important to perform a larger clinicopathologic series to aid our anatomic interpretation of spectral-domain OCT images.
School of Medicine