Transcatheter Reduction of Paravalvular Leaks: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Can J Cardiol
Background: Significant paravalvular leak (PVL) after surgical valve replacement can result in intractable congestive heart failure and hemolytic anemia. Because repeat surgery is performed in only few patients, transcatheter reduction of PVL is emerging as an alternative option, but its safety and efficacy remain uncertain. In this study we sought to assess whether a successful transcatheter PVL reduction is associated with an improvement in clinical outcomes. Methods: We identified 12 clinical studies that compared successful and failed transcatheter PVL reductions in a total of 362 patients. A Bayesian hierarchical meta-analysis was performed using cardiac mortality as a primary end point. The combined occurrence of improvement in New York Heart Association functional class or hemolytic anemia and the need for repeat surgery, were used as secondary end points. Results: A successful transcatheter PVL reduction was associated with a lower cardiac mortality rate (odds ratio [OR], 0.08; 95% credible interval [CrI], 0.01-0.90) and with a superior improvement in functional class or hemolytic anemia, compared with a failed intervention (OR, 9.95; 95% CrI, 2.10-66.73). Fewer repeat surgeries were also observed after successful procedures (OR, 0.08; 95% CrI, 0.01-0.40). Conclusions: A successful transcatheter PVL reduction is associated with reduced all-cause mortality and improved functional class in patients deemed unsuitable for surgical correction.
School of Medicine