J Surg Res
BACKGROUND: Renal injury caused by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) often occurs after shock or transplantation. Growth arrest-specific protein 6 (Gas6) is a secreted protein that binds to the TAM-Tyro3, Axl, Mer-family tyrosine kinase receptors, which modulate the inflammatory response and activate cell survival pathways. We hypothesized that Gas6 could have a protective role in attenuating the severity of renal injury after I/R. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult mice were subjected to 45 min of bilateral renal ischemia. Recombinant mouse Gas6 (rmGas6, 5 mug per mouse) or normal saline (vehicle) was administered intraperitoneally 1 h before ischemia and all subjects were sacrificed at 23 h after I/R for blood and tissue analysis. The expression of protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) was assessed by Western blotting and quantitative polymerase chain reaction, respectively. RESULTS: Treatment with rmGas6 significantly decreased serum levels of creatinine and blood urea nitrogen by 29% and 27%, respectively, improved the renal histologic injury index, and reduced the apoptosis in the kidneys, compared with the vehicle. Renal mRNA levels of interleukin 1beta, interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, keratinocyte-derived chemokine and macrophage inflammatory protein 2 were decreased significantly by 99%, 60%, 53%, 58%, and 43%, with rmGas6 treatment, respectively. After I/R, renal I-kappa-B alpha levels were reduced by 40%, whereas they returned to sham levels with rmGas6 treatment. The mRNA levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase 2 were reduced by 79% and 70%, respectively, whereas the expression of cyclin D1 was increased by 2.1-fold in the rmGas6-treated group, compared with the vehicle. CONCLUSIONS: Gas6 suppresses the nuclear factor kappaB pathway and promotes cell proliferation, leading to the reduction of inflammation and protection of renal injury induced by I/R.
Faculty; Northwell Researcher
School of Medicine; Northwell Health
General Internal Medicine; Molecular Medicine; Pediatrics