Endovascular Management of Tracheo-Subclavian Fistula
Ann Vasc Surg
© 2018 Tracheoarterial fistula is a rare complication of tracheostomy with an incidence of less than 1%. Survival of this disease entity is low, and it likely results from a major open operation in a high-risk surgical group. In our review of the literature, a tracheoinnominate artery fistula is the most commonly reported arterial fistula. However, we present a rare case of tracheo–left subclavian artery fistula. We have identified 1 previous case of tracheo–left subclavian fistula as a source of massive tracheal bleeding. In our case report, we describe the successful management of this disease by endograft placement. Owing to its rarity, there are no guidelines on the management approach to tracheoarterial fistulas, but given the difficulty of controlling this problem via median sternotomy, the placement of a covered stent may be the best therapy. Initially, case reports showed a role for endograft placement as a temporizing measure, but the risk of infection may be sufficiently low to justify this approach as a definitive therapy. Upon a 6-month follow-up, our patient remains without recurrence of bleeding or infection, and computed tomography angiography of the chest with 3D reconstruction has shown patency of the endovascular stent with resolution of the associated pseudoaneurysm.
School of Medicine
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery