© 2018 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Background: Beta blockers are standard therapy for myocardial infarction (MI). Preclinical studies have shown efficacy and safety of thyroid hormone (TH) treatment of cardiovascular disorders. Since THs interact with the sympathoadrenergic system, this study aimed to compare triiodothyronine (T3) and metoprolol (Met) in the treatment of rats with MI on pathophysiology and TH-adrenergic signaling. Methods: Female Sprague-Dawley rats aged 12 weeks underwent left anterior descending coronary artery ligation (MI) or sham surgeries. T3 (5 μg/kg/day) or Met (100 mg/kg/day) was given in drinking water immediately after surgery for eight weeks. At the terminal of the experiments, the rats were subjected to morphological, functional, and molecular examination. Results: T3 and Met significantly enhanced left ventricular contractility (left ventricular fractional shortening 21.37 ± 2.58% and 21.14 ± 3.71%, respectively) compared to untreated MI (17.88 ± 1.23%), and decreased the incidence of inducible atrial tachyarrhythmia by 87.5% and 62.5%, respectively. Although both treatments showed efficacy, T3 but not Met showed statistically significant improvements compared to MI in arrhythmia duration, left atrial diameter (T3 vs. MI 4.33 ± 0.63 vs. 5.65 ± 1.32 mm; p < 0.05), fibrosis (6.1 ± 0.6%, 6.6 ± 0.6% vs. 8.2 ± 0.7%, T3, Met vs. MI, respectively), and aortic vasorelaxation responsiveness to acetylcholine (pD2 6.97 ± 0.22, 6.83 ± 0.21 vs. 6.66 ± 0.22, T3, Met vs. MI, respectively). Quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed that T3 and Met attenuated expression of genes associated with inflammation and oxidative stress and restored expression of ion channels and contractile proteins. Conclusion: These results support comparable efficacy of T3 and Met treatments, suggesting that T3 may provide a therapeutic alternative to standard β-receptor blockade, especially for patients intolerant to treatment with β-blockers after MI.
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School of Medicine