Volumetric laser endomicroscopy interpretation and feature analysis in dysplastic Barrett's esophagus
J Gastroenterol Hepatol
© 2018 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd Background and Aim: Volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE) is used to identify Barrett's esophagus (BE) dysplasia. Selection of a dysplastic region of interest (ROI) can be challenging due to feature variability across a large amount of data. The degree of agreement among VLE users in selecting a ROI has not been studied. Methods: High-definition videos that divided a VLE scan from 18 patients with biopsy-proven BE dysplasia into 1-cm segments were reviewed using a four-quadrant grid superimposed for systematic interpretation. VLE scans were selected based on image quality and appropriate visualization of BE epithelium. Four experienced VLE users rated each quadrant as dysplastic or non-dysplastic. For quadrants rated as dysplastic, reviewers selected a single timeframe with representative features. A high-degree of agreement among reviewers was defined as ≥75% agreement on the quadrant diagnosis and ≥50% agreement on selected timeframe (±2 s). Results: Thirty-one videos, each 32 s in length, comprising 124 quadrants were reviewed. There was high-agreement among reviewers in 99 (80%) quadrants, of which 68 (69%) were rated as dysplastic. Compared with quadrants rated as non-dysplastic, ROIs of quadrants rated as dysplastic contained a higher number of epithelial glands (12.7 vs 1.2, P < 0.001) with atypical architecture (54 vs 1, P < 0.001). A statistically significant difference was observed between the signal intensity profiles of quadrants rated as dysplastic and quadrants rated as non-dysplastic (P = 0.004). Conclusion: This study highlights that experienced VLE users can identify ROIs with high-degree of agreement. Selected ROIs contained VLE features associated with BE dysplasia.
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School of Medicine