It was in 1896 that Bouveret's syndrome acquired its name after the French physician Leon Bouveret, who published two case reports in Revue de Medecin. Bouveret's syndrome describes gastric outlet obstruction secondary to an impacted gallstone. The gallstone reaches the small bowel through a bilioenteric fistula as a consequence of chronic inflammation and adherence between the biliary system and the bowels which increase the intraluminal pressure and leads to secondary wall ischemia and wall perforation with gallstone passage into the bowel. Bouveret's syndrome's prevalence is highest among elderly women. Despite the rarity of Bouveret's syndrome, it can cause notable morbidity and mortality rates. We underwent a review of literature about Bouveret syndrome to increase awareness of its occurrence and potentially life-threatening complications.
Faculty; Northwell Researcher
School of Medicine; Northwell Health