A video-based, flipped classroom, simulation curriculum for dermatologic surgery: A prospective, multi-institution study
J Am Acad Dermatol
© 2019 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Background: Medical education is evolving to emphasize trainee engagement. The impact of a flipped classroom curriculum and surgical simulation on dermatology resident education has not been evaluated. Objective: To assess the impact of video education and surgical simulation on dermatology resident procedural skills. Methods: We created a curriculum on foundational surgical skills for 31 first- and second-year dermatology residents at 3 institutions. The flipped classroom approach replaces traditional in-person lectures with at-home viewing of instructional videos. After this self-directed learning, trainees had 3 hands-on sessions using simulated skin models. The Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) instrument was used to assess residents performing a simulated elliptical excision with intermediate repair before and after the curriculum. Residents completed precurriculum and postcurriculum surveys evaluating operative confidence and perceived value of the curriculum. Results: Residents' total OSATS score increased from a median of 27 (interquartile range, 22-38.5) before the curriculum to 46 (interquartile range, 39.5-51.5) after the curriculum (P < .001). Self-reported confidence in surgical performance significantly improved, and residents were highly satisfied. Limitations: Limitations include the small sample size and potential influence from concurrent learning on surgical rotations. Conclusions: Video education and simulation are effective for improving dermatology residents' procedural skills. We hope to serve as a template for other institutions and nondermatology trainees hoping to improve procedural skills.
School of Medicine