Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin Type 9 Inhibitors and Ezetimibe on Risk of New-Onset Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Large, Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trials
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther
© The Author(s) 2020. Background: Previous meta-analyses have shown that statins may cause incident diabetes. This article reviews randomized controlled trials using proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 inhibitors (PCSK9i) or ezetimibe on the risk of new-onset diabetes. Methods: Eight trials involving PCSK9i and 3 trials of ezetimibe were selected for review. PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Clinicaltrials.gov were thoroughly searched for relevant trials. Inclusion criteria included at least 100 patients per treatment arm, follow-up of at least 52 weeks, and at least double-blinded study design. Exclusion criteria included patients with previously diagnosed diabetes, nonrandomized, placebo-controlled, open-label, and crossover trials. The primary outcome was the number of incident diabetes cases. A random effects model was used. Heterogeneity in effect sizes was measured with I2 parameter and the Q statistic was used to test for excessive between-study heterogeneity. Results: A total of 52 214 participants for the PCSK9i and a total of 20 084 for the ezetimibe meta-analyses were included. Participants randomized to PCSK9i did not differ from the control patients in diabetes incidence (risk ratio [RR] = 0.99, P =.87, 95% CI = 0.92-1.07). Participants randomized to ezetimibe did not differ from the control patients in diabetes incidence (RR = 1.05, P =.37, 95% CI = 0.95-1.15). Discussion: The use of PCSK9i and ezetimibe does not appear to impact the risk of incident diabetes mellitus when added to guideline-directed medical therapy.
409 - 417
School of Medicine