Difficulties with invasive risk stratification performed under anesthesia in pediatric Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
© 2019 Heart Rhythm Society Background: Children with Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome (WPW) are at risk for sudden death. The gold standard for risk stratification in this population is the shortest pre-excited RR interval during atrial fibrillation (SPERRI). Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine how closely measurements made in the electrophysiology laboratory in patients with WPW compared to SPERRI obtained during an episode of clinical pre-excited atrial fibrillation (Clinical-SPERRI). Methods: This was a subgroup analysis of a multicenter study of children with WPW. Subjects in our study (N = 49) were included if they had Clinical-SPERRI measured in addition to 1 or more of 3 surrogate measurements: SPERRI obtained during electrophysiological study (EP-SPERRI), accessory pathway effective refractory period (APERP), or shortest pre-excited paced cycle length with 1:1 conduction (SPPCL). Results: Seventy percent of electrophysiological measurements were made with patients under general anesthesia. Clinical-SPERRI moderately correlated with EP-SPERRI (r = 0.495; P = .012). However, 24% of our patients with Clinical-SPERRI ≤250 ms would have been misclassified as having a low-risk pathway based on EP-SPERRI >250 ms. Clinical-SPERRI did not correlate with APERP or SPPCL (r < 0.3; P >.1). Mean EP-SPERRI, APERP, and SPPCL all were greater than Clinical-SPERRI. Conclusion: Electrophysiology laboratory measurements of pathway characteristics made with patients under general anesthesia do not correlate well with Clinical-SPERRI. Of APERP, SPPCL, and EP-SPERRI, only EP-SPERRI had moderate correlation with Clinical-SPERRI. This study questions the predictive ability of invasive risk stratification with patients under general anesthesia, given that 24% of patients with high-risk Clinical-SPERRI (≤250 ms) had EP-SPERRI that may be considered low risk (>250 ms).
282 - 286
School of Medicine