Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
© 2017, Association of Otolaryngologists of India. This study is intended to analyze the clinical profile and outcomes of deep neck space infection in diabetic patients in our tertiary care centre. A prospective study of 1 year duration from 30th September 2015 to 30th September 2016 at department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati. A total of 45 diabetic patients who presented with DNSI are included in this study. Their demographic profile, etiology, bacteriology, treatment, duration of hospital stay, complications and outcomes have been analyzed. 45 patients were recorded; 32 (71.11%) were men, and 13 (45%) were women, with a mean age of 63.27 ± 7.55 years. There were 30 patients (66.67%) who had associated systemic diseases apart from diabetes mellitus. The parapharyngeal space in 13 patients (28.89%) was the most commonly involved space. Odontogenic infections in 18 patients (40%) and upper airway infections 9 patients (20%) were the two most common causes. Klebsiella pneumonia in 29 patients (64.44%), was the commonest organism isolated through pus cultures. All the patients except one (97.78%) came with abscess and underwent surgical drainage. One patient (2.22%) with carbuncle underwent regular dressing. Six patients (13.33%) had major complications. Those patients with other underlying systemic diseases or complications tended to have a longer hospital stay and were older. No cases of death has been reported. (mortality rate, 0%). DNSI patients with diabetes have a more severe clinical course. They are likely to have complications more frequently and a longer duration of hospital stay. In clinical practices while dealing with these patients more vigilance is required. On admission empirical antibiotics should cover K. pneumonia. Early surgical drainage remains the main method of treatment. Primary prevention can be achieved by orodental hygiene, regular dental check ups and in this part of the country by avoidance of substance abuse like tobacco chewing.
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School of Medicine