Giant cell carcinoma of the lung successfully treated with surgical resection and adjuvant vinorelbine and cisplatin
Respir Med Case Rep
© 2018 Giant Cell Carcinoma of the lung, a subtype of Sarcomatoid lung cancer is a poorly differentiated Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer. GCCL has exceptionally aggressive characteristics, and its prognosis is much poorer than any other NSCLCs. Herein, we present a rare case of Giant Cell Carcinoma of lung treated successfully with surgical resection and adjuvant vinorelbine and cisplatin. A 48-year-old African American man with a history of smoking and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was admitted to the hospital for chief complaints of shortness of breath. He was found to have a 3.5 cm × 3.3 cm x 2.8 cm cavitary right upper lobe mass which turned out to be poorly differentiated Giant Cell Carcinoma with extensive necrosis and deemed similar to stage 1b non-small cell lung cancer. He was successfully treated with right upper lobectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy with vinorelbine and cisplatin. He was followed for seven years with no evidence of recurrent disease. Giant Cell Carcinoma's existing literature is limited, and hence our case is reportable. Our case is unique because of the better outcome which we believe might be the result of early detection and treatment with surgical resection along with adjuvant chemotherapy. More studies are needed to deeply understand the need for adjuvant chemotherapy in stage 1 b GCCL, and proper guidelines are required for the indications of adjuvant chemotherapy in Stage 1b GCCL.
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Faculty; Northwell Researcher
School of Medicine; Northwell Resident
Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine