Case Report: Acute Hepatitis E in a Pediatric Traveler Presenting with Features of Autoimmune Hepatitis: A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenge.
Am J Trop Med Hyg
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is globally the most common cause of acute viral hepatitis. In industrialized countries, HEV infection can be seen in travelers returning from hyperendemic countries or in individuals at risk for autochthonous infection due to zoonotic exposure. Hepatitis E virus infection is often unrecognized and at times misdiagnosed because of nonspecific findings that can overlap with other causes of hepatitis, including autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). Although most cases of acute HEV infection resolve spontaneously and do not require treatment, life-threatening acute liver failure may occur in some cases. We discuss the case of an 8-year-old boy returning from Bangladesh with progressive acute liver injury and a clinical profile suggestive of AIH, who showed a favorable response to corticosteroid treatment before the diagnosis of an acute HEV infection could be established.
School of Medicine
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
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