Effect of Combined Leukocyte-Poor Platelet-Rich Plasma and Hyaluronic Acid on Bone Marrow–Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell and Chondrocyte Metabolism
© The Author(s) 2019. Objective: Given the potential applications of combined biologics, the authors sought to evaluate the in vitro effect of combined platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and hyaluronic acid (HA) on cellular metabolism. Design: Bone marrow–derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and chondrocytes were obtained from the femurs of Sprague-Dawley rats. An inflammatory model was created by adding 10 ng/mL interleukin-1-beta to culture media. Non-crosslinked high-molecular-weight HA, activated-PRP (aPRP), and unactivated-PRP (uPRP) were tested. Cellular proliferation and gene expression were measured at 1 week. Genes of interest included aggrecan, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, and MMP-13. Results: Combined uPRP-HA was associated with a significant increase in chondrocyte and BMSC proliferation at numerous preparations. There was a trend of increased chondrocyte aggrecan expression with combined PRP-HA. The greatest and only significant decrease in BMSC MMP-9 expression was observed with combined PRP-HA. While a significant reduction of BMSC MMP-13 expression was seen with PRP and HA-alone, a greater reduction was observed with PRP-HA. MMP-9 chondrocyte expression was significantly reduced in cells treated with PRP-HA. PRP-alone and HA-alone at identical concentrations did not result in a significant reduction. The greatest reduction of MMP-13 chondrocyte expression was observed in chondrocytes plus combined PRP-HA. Conclusions: We demonstrated a statistically significant increase in BMSC and chondrocyte proliferation and decreased expression of catabolic enzymes with combined PRP-HA. These results demonstrate the additive in vitro effect of combined PRP-HA to stimulate cellular growth, restore components of the articular extracellular matrix, and reduce inflammation.
Faculty; Northwell Resident
School of Medicine; Northwell Health
Molecular Medicine; Urology