Targeted Molecular and Immunohistochemical Analyses of Endometrial Clear Cell Carcinoma Show that POLE Mutations and DNA Mismatch Repair Protein Deficiencies Are Uncommon
Am J Surg Pathol
© 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Endometrial clear cell carcinoma (ECCC) is an uncommon histotype without unique identified molecular alterations. Recently, The Cancer Genome Atlas molecular subtypes have been reported in ECCC. ECCC cases were collected from 11 institutions with diagnoses confirmed by morphologic review and immunohistochemistry. DNA mismatch repair (MMR) proteins, p53 expression, and ARID1A expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays. Targeted next-generation sequencing was completed for POLE, TP53, KRAS, and PIK3CA. Pathogenicity of mutations was determined using MutationTaster and PolyPhen databases. For p53, immunohistochemistry and sequencing were complimentarily used to assess the p53 status. Of 57 cases, 46 were considered prototypical ECCC by morphology and immunohistochemical profile (Napsin A-positive and ER-negative). Three cases were excluded because of insufficient sample for complete immunohistochemical analysis, and 6 had failed sequencing, resulting in 37 cases. Of the 37 remaining cases, 6/37 (16%) had predicted pathogenic mutations in the exonuclease domain of POLE with an allelic frequency >10%; however, no hot-spot mutations were identified. No cases were MMR-deficient. The gene most commonly affected was TP53 (59%, 22/37), followed by KRAS (13%, 2/15) and PIK3CA (13%, 2/15). The current study is the largest molecular analysis of pure ECCC reported to date. When strict classification criteria are applied, MMR-deficient and POLE mutated subtypes are not represented. Further consensus on what represents a deleterious POLE mutations is needed. The findings support separately studying histologically/immunohistochemically defined ECCC to identify characteristic molecular alterations in future studies.
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School of Medicine
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine