Treatment of parvovirus B19 viremia to facilitate kidney transplantation in a patient with collapsing glomerulopathy.
Clin Nephrol Case Stud
Collapsing glomerulopathy (CG) is a severe form of glomerulopathy which results in nephrotic syndrome and often ensues in rapid progression to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Although most commonly a result of HIV infection, other conditions such as parvovirus B19 (PB19) infection have been associated with CG. We present a case of an 18-year-old male with CG associated with PB19 infection who was heterozygous for APOL1 G1 and G2 genetic variants. In an attempt to treat, he was started on intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), however rapidly progressed to ESKD. During workup for a living donor kidney transplant he was found to have persistent low-grade PB19 viremia. Despite having no major immunodeficiency and given subsequent courses of IVIg, viremia continued to persist. In a final attempt to eradicate the PB19 we began treatment with cidofovir, an antiviral agent with in vitro efficacy against PB19. Subsequent to initiation of cidofovir, PB19 viremia slowly cleared after which he received a living unrelated kidney transplant. The patient had an early cellular rejection treated with rabbit antithymocyte globulin after which he recovered kidney function without signs of recurrent CG. Our case report suggests efficacy of IVIg and cidofovir for persistent PB19 infection in ESKD to allow subsequent transplantation, while minimizing the risk of recurrent CG.
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School of Medicine
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine; General Pediatrics; Surgery