Future Sci OA
© 2020 Jeffrey Chi. Aim: Current guidelines recommend p16 immunohistochemistry (IHC) for testing human papillomavirus (HPV) in oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPSCC). We evaluated the value of adding DNA in situ hybridization (ISH) to p16 IHC. Methods: Fifty patients with OPSCC were analyzed. Concordance between HPV-DNA ISH and p16 IHC was measured by Gwet's agreement coefficient. Results: p16 IHC was positive in 35/48 (72.9%), negative in 8/48 (16.7%) patients. Wide spectrum DNA-ISH was positive in 9/23 (39%) and negative in 14/23 (60.9%) patients. High-risk 16/18 (HR) HPV DNA-ISH was positive in 11/23 (47.8%) and negative in 12 (52.2%) patients. The agreement between HPV DNA-ISH and p16 IHC is fair (Gwet's AC1 = 0.318). Conclusion: The agreement between p16 IHC and HPV-DNA ISH was fair. However, ISH sensitivity was low. Our findings add to the current data that p16 IHC testing is reliable and may be enough as a stand-alone test for HPV detection in OPSCC. Current testing guidelines recommend p16 immunochemistry (IHC) for detecting human papillomavirus (HPV) in oropharyngeal cancer (OPSCC). We evaluated the value of adding HPV DNA in situ hybridization (ISH) to p16 IHC. Fifty patients with OPSCC were analyzed. p16 IHC was positive in 72.9% of patients and DNA-ISH was positive in 39% of patients when wide spectrum probe was used and positive in 47.8% of patients when high-risk probe was used. The agreement between the two tests was fair. However, DNA-ISH sensitivity was low. p16 IHC may be enough as a stand-alone test for detection of HPV in OPSCC.
Faculty; Northwell Researcher; Northwell Resident
School of Medicine; Northwell Health
Molecular Medicine; Otolaryngology; Pathology and Laboratory Medicine; Radiation Medicine; Surgery